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Common Name : Trefoil Rattlepod     -       Scientific Name : Crotalaria medicaginea (Fabaceae / Leguminosae)       -       Other Name : Medick Rattlepod (E), Adanahiriya (S)
Manikkapola Uttu sand patch
12/07/2014
Mana Wila
02/03/2019
Manikkapola Uttu sand patch
01/12/2014
Manikkapola Uttu sand patch
01/12/2014

This is a species, which is found in sandy areas of the dry zone and in open grassland areas up to mid hills.  It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, southern China, New Guinea and Australia.

The conservation status of this species is regarded as “Near threatened” (National Red List 2012).

This rattlepod can be differentiated from the other crotalaria species due to its leaves being with three leaflets with each having a notch at the apex.

The tribal communities living in Rajastan drink a juice made of crushed leaves and seeds of this plant to expel bile and phlegm. As every part of this plant is said to be extremely bitter they drink it with sugar candy. The chopped leaves are also used internally and externally to treat scabies.

This is not a common species in Wilpattu. I have observed flowers from December to February primarily in sandy areas of the park including Mana Wila and Manikkapola uttu.