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Common Name : Bush Plum     -       Scientific Name : Carissa spinarum (Apocynaceae)       -       Other Name : Heen Karamba (S), Conkerberry (E)
Borupan Pitiya
09/22/2013
Borupan Pitiya
09/22/2013
Kokkare Villu
08/18/2013
Demata Wila
08/18/2013
Panikkar Villu
06/23/2013

This is a small shrub belonging to the Apocyanaceae family, which is widely distributed in tropical regions around the Indian Ocean. It is well known in Australia as the Current Bush. In Sri Lanka it is found throughout the dry zone. The conservation status of this species is regarded as “Least Concerned” (National Red List 2012).

The small white flowers can be seen throughout the year. The berries of this plant, which turns purple when ripe, are edible. However the sap of this plant as well as the unripe fruits that contain this sap is poisonous. The Massai people in Kenya use parts of this plant to treat joint and muscle pain. The ripe berries of this plant are quite popular as a bush food among the Australian aborigines.

In Sri Lanka this plant is found throughout the dry zone areas and the ripe berries are sought after by many species of birds and animals as well as the village kids during the fruiting season.

In Wilpattu this is one of the commonest wild flowers that can be seen throughout the park in open habitats and I have seen the ripe berries mostly during September - October.