Leopards of Wilpattu Photo Gallery

Leopards of Wilpattu
Leopards of Wilpattu
Leopards of Wilpattu
Leopards of Wilpattu
Leopards of Wilpattu
Leopards of Wilpattu

Kumbuk Wila Female 2 - KWFC 2

Locations of sightings

Borupan Pitiya, LunuWewa Road, Kumbuk Wila sand patch, Thimbiri Wila, Mahapatessa, Madangas Wala

First Sighting

9th July 2016 at 6.15pm

  • 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm two leopards at Thimbiri Wila. N 08.42732, E 080.01073

    I arrived at Thimbiri Wila from Mahapatessa at 10.30 and decided to park and wait at this locality. As I photographed Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) in the morning I expected the cubs also to be in the vicinity and that they would move out to drink towards evening. Around 2pm as expected Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) the mother walked to the edge of the forest and in a few minutes one of her cubs the Kumbuk Wila Male 2 (KWMC 2) walked up to her. Thereafter both leopards were lying down close to each other. Our patience paid off when around 3.47pm the mother, KWFC 2 walked to the edge of the water followed by her cub KWMC 2 to drink. Having quenched their thirst, the mother lay down in the open, but the cub swiftly moved into the forest. In a few minutes the mother also followed the cub into the forest.

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 2.00pm
  • 6th September 2021 at 7.15am one Leopard at Thimbiri Wila. N 08.42758, E 080.01035

    The leopard was on the road and moved few feet in to the forest and lied down. It was an adult female and was partly covered by foliage. I managed to get a few images prior to her moving into the forest. It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2), the mother of the two cubs.

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 6th September 2021 at 7.15am
  • 4th September 2021 at 11.28am 3 Leopards on Kumbuk Wila upper road. N 08.41846, E 080.00845

    We drove on to Kumbuk Wila upper road and safari Jeep driver Hiranjan Dilshan informed us that Cleopatra and the two cubs had been seen about half an hour ago on this road. We waited for about an hour expecting them to move back on to the road but had no success. Around 11.25am a Ceylon Jungle Fowl and few Indian Palm Squirrels started making alarm calls and we were able to spot the leopards lying together about 15 feet from the edge of the road. The two cubs that I have listed under Leopards of Wilpattu – Guest section as Maha Wewa Leopard 3 & 4 were seen with their mother Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). Even though the cats were partly covered in foliage I was thrilled as this was my first sighting of these cubs. The first images I received of these cubs were from Dr. Rishani Gunasinghe in February 2021 where I estimated their age to around 5 months. They are about a year old now. Considering the location, of my first sighting I named them Kumbuk Wila Male 1 (KWMC 1) and Kumbuk Wila Male 2 (KWMC 2) for the purpose of my study. Having taken a few record images, I reversed expecting them to move on to the road. But with the arrival of a two more jeeps the cats moved further into the forest.

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 4th September 2021 at 11.28am
  • 3rd September 2021 at 4.47pm another Leopard between Mahapatessa and Kumbuk Wila. N 08.41641, E 080.02534

    I drove up to Kumbuk Wila and turned towards Mahapatessa. In less than 30 meters from the resting area heard the frantic alarm calls of Grey Langurs indicating the presence of a leopard. I carefully observed the surrounding area but could not spot the leopard. Thus, I drove down to Mahapatessa to give some time for the leopard to move on to the road and was rewarded on my return journey as the leopard was walking in my direction. I reversed the vehicle to maintain adequate space and started to photograph. It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) popularly referred to as Cleopatra. One of the main reasons for my visit to the park was to photograph the two cubs of this female that had eluded me on a few occasions. I was excited expecting her to be accompanied by her two cubs but soon realized that she was on her own. The bold female would sniff and “mark” the bushes (scent mark by spraying urine) as she walked. I was able to get some good images of her walking towards me, but I ensured that I maintain an adequate distance to give her adequate space. Having walked almost up to Mahapatessa she moved into the forest. I drove down to Mahapatessa expecting to see her again but had no luck.

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 3rd September 2021 at 4.47pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 3rd September 2021 at 4.47pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 3rd September 2021 at 4.47pm
  • 28th March 2021 at 2.45pm one Leopard between Kokkare Villu and Kumbuk Wila. N 08.41732, E 079.99805

    Ranjan, a safari jeep drive informed me that they saw a leopard move into the forest where the road from Madangaha Wala joins Kokkare Villu. I drove down to Kumbuk Wila rest area and turned back while the others drove down Kumbuk Wila upper road. As I expected the leopard had moved back on to the road and was walking in my direction. It was an adult- female and I was able to instantly identify this leopard. It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) popularly referred to as “Cleopatra” by the guides and jeep drivers. Having walked in the direction of Kumbuk Wila she lied down on the road permitting me to get some good images. Unfortunately for me she was not accompanied by her cubs. Upon the arrival of a few other jeeps, she moved into the forest but continued her walk towards Kumbuk Wila.

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 28th March 2021 at 2.45pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 28th March 2021 at 2.45pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 28th March 2021 at 2.45pm
  • 14th December 2019 at 4.55pm a female Leopard on Kumbuk Wila upper road. N 08.41854, E 080.00321

    The Leopard had been at the edge of the forest and was out of our view. As we drove close she leaped in to the forest and I immediately stopped the vehicle and turned off the engine. Much to my relief she moved back on to the road a little ahead of us permitting us to get a few images of its profile. She walked across the road in to the forest. It was a very brief sighting. Later upon examining the spot pattern I was happy to note that this is Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2), the female commonly referred to as Cleopatra. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 14th December 2019 at 4.55pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 14th December 2019 at 4.55pm
  • 12th November 2019 at 2.25pm one Leopard lying on a horizontal branch of an old “Madang” tree at Kokkare villu. N 08.41927, E 079.99304

    Upon being informed of a Leopard we arrived at Kokkare Villu and spotted a female Leopard on a tree. As we arrived at the location it started to rain. This was extremely frustrating as we were able to see the animal but was not able to photograph due to the rain. Thankfully the rain was quite brief and I was able to get a few images adequate enough to identify the Leopard. It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) the second litter single cub of Borupan Wila Female 2 (BWF 2). As there were other vehicles at the back I got a few images and moved out permitting them to have a view. (with guide Gihan Sampath Jayawardena)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 12th November 2019 at 2.25pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 12th November 2019 at 2.25pm
  • 18th November 2018 at 3.45pm one Leopard on Lunu Wewa road. N 08.44161, E 080.02019

    We drove down to Lunu Wewa bungalow and were on our way back when we spotted the Leopard seated by the side of the road. It was a female and was sniffing the bushes intently. On a few occasions she lifted both her paws up to reach up to sniff the bushes. In less than two minutes she walked across the road and moved in to the forest. Having examined the images I noted that it is Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). This female is now 2 years and 8 months old and is showing signs of being in eustress for the first time. She appear to be following the male in whose company she was observed yesterday on Kumbuk Wila upper road and which male I photographed in the morning on this road. However this male is now about the same age as the female and is yet to reach sexual maturity. Even though female leopards reach sexually mature around 2 years and 6 months and are able to conceive males appear to take a longer period to reach sexual maturity. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 18th November 2018 at 3.45pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 18th November 2018 at 3.45pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 18th November 2018 at 3.45pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 18th November 2018 at 3.45pm
  • 17th November 2018 at 4.24pm one Leopard between Kumbuk Wila sand patch and Borupan junction. N 08.41954, E 080.01528

    We spotted the leopard moving through the jungle in the direction of the road and reversed to ensure its path is not obstructed. The Leopard walked on to the road, walked in the direction of Borupan junction for a few meters and entered the forest towards Borupan Wila. Having examined the images I was able to identify the animal as Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) the female I photographed in the morning. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 4.24pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 4.24pm
  • 17th November 2018 at 2.06pm two leopards on Kumbuk Wila upper road.  N 08.41837, E 080.00825

    It was Nelum Wila Male 5 (NWMC 5) and Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). As we approached the bent Ficus Tree on this road saw a male leopard crossing the road. I was not able to get any images of this animal as he moved in to the forest towards Kumbuk Wila. After a few minutes a female leopard emerged from where the male leopard moved on to the road. She walked for a few meters in our direction and moved in to the forest following the male. I was able to get a few good images of this animal and identified her as KWFC 2. Upon examining photos taken by another visitor I was able to confirm that the male was NWMC 5. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 2.06pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 2.06pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 2.06pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 17th November 2018 at 2.06pm
  • 27th October 2018 at 11.30am Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) on Kumbuk Wila upper road. N 08.41977, E 080.01146

    The leopardess was walking in the direction of Kokkare villu. I stopped and revered to ensure its path is not obstructed. She walked on the road in our direction and moved in to the forest. I was pleased to observe that she is in excellent condition. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 27th October 2018 at 11.30am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 27th October 2018 at 11.30am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 27th October 2018 at 11.30am
  • 28th July 2018 at 5.20pm one Leopard at Kumbuk Wila pitiya.  N 08.42155, E 080.00854

    The leopard was lying with its back towards us across the open filed. Later upon examination of the spot pattern I was able to identify the leopard as Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). As we had to reach the park entrance by 6.30pm we left. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 28th July 2018 at 5.20pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 28th July 2018 at 5.20pm
  • 16th November 2017 at10.20am one Leopard on Kumbuk Wila Upper road. N 08.41644, E 079.99993

    It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). She was walking in the direction of Madan Gaha wala. I reversed and started to photograph while she kept on walking in my direction. Having walked about 30 feet close to the vehicle she moved in to the forest. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 16th November 2017 at10.20am
  • 30th July 2017 at 5.29pm one Leopard at Thimbiri Wila. N 08.42439, E 080.01178
    We drove down to Thimbiri Wila from Kumbuk Wila and spotted the leopard at the edge of the water body. We arrived in the nick of time as the leopard was stalking some prey and moved in to the forest permitting me to get only a few images. Upon examining the images I note that it is Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 30th July 2017 at 5.29pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 30th July 2017 at 5.29pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 30th July 2017 at 5.29pm
  • 29th July 2017 at 7.40am One Leopard at Mahapatessa. N 08.43077, E080.00390
    We proceeded from Thimbiri Wila towards Mahapatessa and I noticed pugmarks of a leopard walking towards the water body.  As I drove down to the edge of water at Mahapatessa a leopard was spotted to the right. It was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). The young female leopard walked along the edge of the water and drank. Having drunk its fill she moved further away. A troop of Grey Langur was alreted by the alarm calls of a Barking Deer and started to give out alarm calls. Then the leopard moved in to the forest. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 29th July 2017  at 7.40am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 29th July 2017  at 7.40am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 29th July 2017  at 7.40am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 29th July 2017  at 7.40am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 29th July 2017  at 7.40am
  • 22nd April 2017 at 5.28pm two Leopards at Borupan Pitiya. N 08.42384, E080.02508
    Having observed few jeeps parked at the turn off to Borupan pitiya I approached them and realized that they were watching a leopard. Guide Supun signaled me to take the vehicle forward. The female cub was with an adult male leopard. It was an extremely brief sighting of about 3 minutes. Both the leopards moved in to the forest upon the arrival of other jeeps. Later upon examination of the images I was able to identify both the leopards. The male was Nelum Wila Male 3 (NWM 3) and the female cub was Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2).
    Four days ago, on the 18th of April Namal Kamalgoda observed the same male mating with Borupan Wila Female 2 (BWF 2), the mother of this female cub. As the cub, which is only one year and 4 months, is yet to become totally independent and far too young to mate I assumed that its mother also would have been close. It could well be that this male is her father. This sighting is of great importance to me as it was an interaction between an adult male and a cub, which is seldom observed in the wild. I’m extremely thankful to guide Supun for permitting me to take the vehicle forward at the most crucial time, which enable me to photograph the two leopards. (with guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 22nd April 2017 at 5.28pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 22nd April 2017 at 5.28pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 22nd April 2017 at 5.28pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 22nd April 2017 at 5.28pm
  • 10th February 2017 at 4.33pm 1 Leopard, Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2), at Thimbiri Wila. N 08.42438, E080.01219.
    It was lying at the edge of the water close to the Kumbuk Wila road end. After a few minutes she stood up and started to walk towards the Mahapatessa road end. On a few occasions she approached the water but snarled and retreated without drinking. Perhaps she may have had a bad experience with a Crocodile. I left upon the young leopard moving in to the forest. (with Guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 4.33pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 4.33pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 4.33pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 4.33pm
  • 10th February 2017 at 7.25am 1 Leopard, Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2), on a leafless tree at Kumbuk Wila Pitiya. N 08.42107, E080.01009

    The young leopard exhibited typical juvenile behaviour in being alerted by the birds that would alight on the thin branches of the tree and intently observing the Spotted Deer grazing at a distance. The Grey Langurs continued to make their alarm calls announcing to all the presence of a leopard.  At 8.15am she climbed down and walked across the open field in to the forest resulting the Grey Langurs to intensify their alarm calls. (with Guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 7.25am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 7.25am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 7.25am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 7.25am Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 10th February 2017 at 7.25am
  • 9th February 2017 at 11.10am one Leopard on the road between Thimbiri Wila and Mahapatessa. N 08.42720, E080.00903

    Safari Jeep driver Samantha who was parked ahead of me kindly moved his jeep to enable me to photograph the leopard. Thankfully I managed to get one photo in the nick of time before it moved in to the forest due to a vehicle that arrived from the opposite side.  Having examined the photos I realized that this is Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2). (with Guide Tissa Ratnayake)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 9th February 2017 at 11.10am
  • 9th July 2016 at 6.15pm 2 Leopards at Kumbuk Wila uda para sand patch. N 08.41976, E080.01466
    As I was aware that there was a Wild Boar carcass at Kumbuk Wila uda para sand patch I drove to this location expecting a sighting. We spotted one adult female but it moved in to the forest before I was able to photograph. As we watched a cub moved on to the road and permitted me to take a few photos. It was a female cub and I estimated its age to be around 6 months. This is my first sighting of this leopard and I named it Kumbuk Wila Female 2 (KWFC 2) (with guide Tissa)

  • Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 9th July  2016 at 6.15pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 9th July  2016 at 6.15pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 9th July  2016 at 6.15pm Kumbuk Wila Female 2-KWFC 2 - 9th July  2016 at 6.15pm