Mammals ‹‹ Go Back

There are 94 species of indigenous mammals recognized in the country of which 21 are endemic. The Wild Buffalo Bubalis bubalis commonly seen in our national parks is categorized as a species introduced to Sri Lanka even though a strong feral population has been established. The above number excludes the 30 species of marine mammals recorded from our territorial waters. (“The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka”)

The number of species can be categorized as follows;

Pangolins 1, Shrews 10, Bats & Pipistrels 30, Monkeys 3, Loris 2, Jackals 1, Cats 4, Mongoose 4, Otter 1, Bear 1, Palm Cats & Civets 5, Elephant 1, Wild Buffalo 1, Deer 4, Wild Boar 1, Mouse Deer 2, Porcupine 1, Bandicoots, Mice & Rats 15, Flying Squirrels 2, Squirrels 4, Hare 1, Whales & Dolphins 29, Dugong 1

References

  • Wilson,D.E. & Mittermeier, R.A eds. (2009)Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 1. Carnivores, Vol. 2 Hoofed Mammals, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • W. W. A. Phillips, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U. (1935) Ceylon Journal of Science MANUAL of the MAMMALS OF CEYLON.
  • The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka, Conservation status of the Fauna & Flora prepared by the Biodiversity Secretariat of the Ministry of Environment.
  • Andrew Duff and Ann Lawson (2004) MAMMALS of the WORLD A Checklist A & C Black Publishers Ltd., 37 Soho Square, London W1D 3QZ.
  • An Ecological Reconnaissance of Wilpattu National Park, Ceylon May 1972 by John F. Eisenberg and Melvyn Lockhart.
  • Resource Inventory of Wilpattu National Park - Final Report By The World Conservation Union (IUCN) Sri Lanka, December 2006
  • The Mammals of Sri Lanka by Asoka Yapa and Gamini Ratnaweera, First Edition Copy Rights Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka 2013
  • Pictorial Pocket Guide to the Mammals of Sri Lanka (revised & expanded)by Sarath Kotagama, Sampath de. A Goonatilake Colour Illustrations by Gamini Ratnaweera 2013